Biology Unit 6 - Genetics

Unit 6- Genetics




Compare Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of inheritance.


  • Describe and/or predict observed patterns of inheritance (i.e, dominant, recessive,co-dominance, sex-linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles).


  • Describe processes that can alter composition or number of chromosomes (i.e.,crossing-over, non disjunction, duplication, translocation, deletion, insertion,and inversion).



Explain the process of proteinsynthesis (i.e. transcription, translations, and protein modification).


  • Describehow the processes of transcription and translation are similar in all organisms.


  • Describethe role of ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and the nucleusin the production of specific types of proteins.



Explain how genetic information is expressed.


  • Describe how genetic mutations alter the DNA sequence and may or may not affect phenotype (e.g., silent, nonsense, frame-shift)


Apply scientific thinking,processes, tools and technologies in the study of genetics.


  • Explain how genetic engineering has impacted the fields of medicine, forensics, and agriculture (e.g., selective breeding, gene splicing, cloning, genetically modified organisms, gene therapy).







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